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####وب حرفه ای علمی#### - یکسوساز کنترل شده با سیلیکون
####وب حرفه ای علمی####
نماز ستون دین است/تبادل لینک
پنجشنبه 18 اسفند 1390 :: نویسنده : علی ابراهیمی

یکسوساز کنترل شده با سیلیکون یا تریستور سه سیمه و یا SCR نام قطعهﺍی نیمه هادی است که برای اولین بار توسط شرکت جنرال الکتریک در سال ١٣٣٧ (۱۹۵۸ میلادی) ساخته شد و SCR نام گرفت. نام تریستور بعدها توسط کمسیون بینﺍلمللی الکتروتکنیک (IEC) به آن داده شد. SCR همانطور که از نامش پیداست، یک یکسوساز یا دیود کنترل شده است. مشخصه ولتاژ - جریان آن در صورت باز بودن گیت درست مانند دیود PNPN است. چیزی که SCR را برای کنترل موتور مفید می‌سازد این است که ولتاژ روشن شدن یا شکست آن را می‌توان با جریانی که از گیت آن می‌گذرد کنترل کرد. هرچه این جریان بزرگتر باشد، ولتاژ روشن شدن آن کوچکتر می‌شود. اگر SCR انتخاب شده دارای ولتاژ روشن شدن بزرگی باشد، به نحوی که در صورت باز بودن گیت آن بزرگترین ولتاژ مدار هم نتواند آن را روشن کند، تنها در صورتی روشن می‌شود که جریانی از گیت آن بگذرد. وقتی SCR روشن می‌شود روشن می‌ماند تا اینکه جریانش از حد خاصی کمتر شود. تریستور سه سیمه یا SCR متداولترین عنصر در مدارهای کنترل قدرتی است. از ایت تریستور در کاربردهای یکسوسازی یا سویچینگ بسیار استفاده می‌شود، ودر محدودﻩهای مجاز از چند آمپر تا حدود ۳۰۰۰ آمپر موجود است.

نماد SCR در نقشه
یک SCR با توان بالا




نوع مطلب : صنایع، 
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